The National Statistics Institute reported this week that the number of confirmed tuberculosis cases in Portugal in 2018 stood at 20.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, representing an increase of 21.5% over the previous two years, setting a new maximum since 2010.
The report, published in the 3rd edition of INE on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), indicates that there were significant increases across a wide spectrum of ages, including age groups from 25 to 34 years old, which went from 19.5 in 2017 to 27.0 in 2018. There were also significant increases per 100,000 inhabitants for the age groups 35 to 44 years, from 19.2 to 23.6, from 45 to 54 from 20.6 to 25.9, and from 55 to 64, from 19.1 to 24.1. Furthermore, the incidence rate remained high for the population aged 75 and over, with 26.2 cases reported per 100,000 inhabitants.
According to the INE, throughout 2018, the disease continues to affect more men (29.1 per 100,000) than women (13.3 per 100,000).
By region, the highest incidence rates cover the Lisbon area (29.3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants) and the North (23.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants).
The Autonomous Region of Madeira, recorded the lowest TB cases with 6.7 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
One of the goals of the SDGs is to eradicate AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria epidemics, neglected tropical diseases, to fight hepatitis, waterborne diseases and other communicable diseases by 2030.
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